8.th188bet官方app188bet官方app食品包装论坛(FPF)研讨会“Improving the chemical safety of food contact articles: Linking policy-making with scientific research” took place on October 21-23, 2020. This year the FPF workshop was a web-based event only, which nevertheless provided a good opportunity for networking and discussions among the more than 200 registered participants. On October 23, 2020, six speakers gave short overviews of their topics, before all of them joined the general discussion on the advancement of scientific research and policy making to improve FCM safety.

在第一个演示中,Jonathan Kaplan., Sustainability Specialist at the指南针组,我们,解释由广泛的食品服务提供商和非政府组织(非政府组织)开发的一次性材料记分卡。Kaplan表示,通过包装生产商制造的权利要求的验证被确定为评估最佳解决方案,以解决使用单用包装引起的问题。因此,本集团决定建立一个自由记分卡,教育食品行业关于一次性产品的影响,并展示如何可重复使用的替代品比较。记分卡基于六个指标,即气候,水,可持续采购,可恢复性,塑料污染以及可能的令人担忧的化学品。详细说明最新的矩阵,Kaplan基于不同的担忧的化学品列表。

伊恩表兄弟,教授斯德哥尔摩大学,瑞典,sharedhis insights into the essential use concept by using the example of phasing out hazardous substances. Because of the large number of hazardous substances and their broad range of uses, it is impractical to completely ban them in one step. Cousins and his colleagues examined the successful phase-out of substances depleting the ozone layer that was published in the Montreal protocol and applied this idea for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). They defined and categorized the uses of PFAS as “essential”, “substitutable” and “non-essential”. For food packaging, Cousin’s group judged most applications to be non-essential or substitutable uses, which thus would not hinder a phase-out of PFAS but drive innovation.

美国食品联络材料(FCMS)中危险化学品的国家级行动是介绍的主题Lisa Coxwho is a Senior Toxics Reduction Analyst at theOregon Department of Environmental Quality, US. Coxshared国家政府通过描述联邦监管方案和角色的角度来看US Food and Drug AdministrationFDA)and the美国环境保护局(EPA). In addition, she explained how federal agencies and states interact to implement and enforce laws. With respect to PFAS, most states have been focusing on drinking water and measured emissions into the environment rather than levels of these hazardous chemicals in products, Cox pointed out. However, some states, such as Iowa and Washington, took independent actions to reduce PFAS in food packaging (FPFreported)。

ClaudiaRoncancioPeña,食品配料头和包装单位European Food Safety Authority (EFSA),介绍EFSAsperspective on advancing research on food contact materials (FCMs) and their risk assessment. While preparing the publication of the European Green Deal (FPFreported),欧盟委员会问道esfa.对于欧盟可持续发展策略(CSS)的特定投入,RoncancioPeña报道。结果是,EFSAand the欧洲化学品管理局(ECHA)发表了一份联合位置纸论“一种物质 - 一种评估”方法(OSOA),基于三个柱。这些支柱中的第一个是一种中央协调机制,第二个是代理商之间更好地分布任务,第三个支柱涉及以相同的结构化格式访问可用数据。起点将在所有代理商之间更好地协调,改进IT工具,访问数据和基础研究。为了促进奥萨伊州的方法,所有机构都需要类似的专业知识,罗卡曼奥佩尼娜指出。计划促进FCMS风险评估的试点项目,以推进FCM的研究和风险评估。

Xenia Trier,化学品,环境和健康专家欧洲环境局(EEA.),提出了the EU CSS and its implications for FCMs (FPFreported)。According to the CSS, chemicals shall be used and produced in a way that maximizes their benefits while avoiding harm to humans and the environment, Trier explained. In addition, it aims at the production of safe and sustainable chemicals that shall become the EU market norm and a global standard by strengthened legislation, simplifying and consolidation, and boosting innovation. Tools to reach these aims include the design of safe and sustainable chemicals, materials, products, and processes which are based on comprehensive knowledge. Trier illustrated these approaches by showing examples of FCMs that could be affected by the CSS.

在会话的最后演示中,Natacha Cingotti,Senior Policy Officer from健康和环境联盟(愈合),reflected在修改一个非政府组织联盟的努力European FCM regulations. As a starting question, Cingotti asked how regulations can guarantee the safety of FCMs since several limitations are currently not addressed (e.g., no harmonized regulations for many types of FCMs, focus on starting substances but not final products, issues with chemical safety of recycled products). Cingotti described a significant gap between the claims and the reality that was already identified by theECs联合研究中心(FPF.reported)。Civil societies are calling for change, because they see the need for policy makers to increasingly take scientific evidence into account, Cingotti explained. In 2018, a group of 25 European civil society groups published five key principles for reform of the FCM legislation (FPFreported)。目前,有更多机会建议法规的变化,例如,通过促进在2020年11月2020年11月宣布推出的FCM立法的初始影响评估,Cingotti结束。

References

Jonathan Kaplan.(October 23,2020). “Development of a single-use material scorecard.”YouTube.;PDF.)

伊恩表兄弟(October 23, 2020). “The essential use concept: Practical application for phasing out hazardous substances.”YouTube.;PDF.)

Lisa Cox (October 23, 2020). “State-level actions on hazardous chemicals in food contact materials in the US.”YouTube.;PDF.)

Claudia RoncancioPeña(2020年10月23日)。“推进FCM研究和风险评估:欧洲食品安全管理局的视角。”(记录的演示文稿不可用)

Xenia Trier(October 23, 2020). “The EU Chemical Strategy for Sustainability’s relevance for FCMs”YouTube.;PDF.)

Natacha Cingotti (October 23, 2020). “Revising European FCM regulations: Efforts from an NGO coalition.”YouTube.;PDF.)

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