7月1日,2020年7月,欧盟委员会(EC)发表决赛报告支持正在进行的评价of the food contact material (FCM) legislation in the EU. Carried out by the consultancy生态那the evaluation’s “objective is to provide the Commission with factual, quantitative and qualitative data and a comprehensive analysis to answer 10 evaluation questions” and to serve as input in the development of a Commission Staff Working Document that will provide “evidence-based conclusions and prioritization of the areas that require action” within the FCM legislation.

The evaluation by生态专注于目前立法提供的五个标准,即有效性,效率,相关性,一致性和欧盟附加值:

  • In terms of effectiveness, the report concludes that the positive list for plastic FCMs “is seen as offering a generally effective approach to protecting human health.” However, it finds that gaps remain due to the complexity of polymers, many migrating substances, and a lack of consideration for non-intentionally added substances (NIAS) and the cocktail effects of migrating substances. The lack of EU-wide regulation on currently non-harmonized materials is seen to “lead to lack of clarity (e.g. on risk assessment, testing approaches), need for specific legal advice (both internal and external), obstacles to trade, language barriers, lack of transparency (i.e. national legislation that disregards the EU nature of supply chains and only addresses national circumstances).”
  • 在效率方面,该报告提供了基于可用(但值得不完整的)信息的FCM法规提供的福利估计。它报告了“大幅上”低估了对每年超过10亿欧元的人类健康的低估益处,而且每年有超过30亿欧元的产业的可能过高的年度成本。然而,研究发现,“总体而言,从FCM的安全产生的人类健康的益处超过了行业立法的成本。”有一个强有力的统一呼吁在行业部门进行更多统一,“建议统一导致降低成本。”
  • 在相关性方面,该报告发现该规例“反映了保护人体健康的需求和食物的感官属性。”它指出,(i)有(i)其他立法涵盖的环境问题的消费者兴趣,(ii)愿意以工会清单和/或统一指南,(iii)和a的形式涉及统一措施的统一措施从当局呼吁“更容量和专业知识进行检查和控制”,包括分析方法。
  • In terms of coherence, the report finds again that a lack of harmonized regulations has led to challenges and additional compliance burden, including complex national regulations on certain materials. Coatings, inks, adhesives, and paper and board were mentioned most often as needing harmonized legislation across EU member states. Civil society groups also highlighted a lack of current legislation considering combined effects from mixtures of migrating substances, a lack of measures to address recognized substances of very high concern (SVHCs), and overall a lack of coherence (especially in risk management) between FCM regulations and other chemicals legislation (such as REACH).
  • 欧盟的附加值,研究发现,“the harmonization introduced by Regulation (EC) 1935/2004 provides EU added-value but its impact is reduced by incomplete implementation: fifteen years after the entry into force of the legislation, specific measures are in place for only four [out of 17] materials.” The harmonization that has been achieved for plastics was found to provide added-value and be more efficient compared to a non-harmonized approach. Several overall factors limiting the legislation’s effectiveness include “difficulties of official control bodies to adequately enforce the legislation and difficulties encountered by companies in complying with requirements regarding declarations of compliance” as well as small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) being disadvantaged compared to larger companies.

A roadmap for the evaluation was first published in November 2017 (FPF报道)。作为评估的一部分,第一届利益攸关方活动于2018年9月举行(FPF报道),公共咨询从2月至2019年5月开放(FPF报道)。许多利益相关者在公共咨询期间提供了输入(FPF报道),包括一个位置纸由这方面提交188bet官方app。第二次利益攸关方研讨会于2019年9月举行(FPF)报道),和结果2019年6月,来自于2019年6月的与FCMS关于FCMS的政策和执法官员的研讨会。

阅读更多

欧盟委员会(7月2日,2020年)。“食品接触材料评价(FCMS)。“

参考

欧盟委员会(7月2日,2020年)。“研究支持食品联络材料(FCM)立法评估 - (监管(EC)第1935/2004号)。“

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